Necrotic tissue refers to a dead tissue, which is associated to poor oxygen perfusion secondary to impaired blood flow. Since the tissue is dead, loss of function and absence of sensation are evident, which affects a person’s activities of daily living. The following are the causes, signs and symptoms, and home remedies for necrotic tissue.
Tissue necrosis involves various causes. According to Wound Source, these include infection, toxins, and trauma. In anatomy and physiology, cells that die signal phagocytes to ingest dead cells; however, in tissue necrosis, as per the publication, cells that die due to necrosis fail to signal adjacent phagocytes to ingest the dead cells; this result to the accumulation of dead tissue and cell debris. Other causes of tissue necrosis include infarction, inflammation, poison, and cancer, among others.
Signs and Symptoms
According to Wound Source, necrotic tissue has two types – eschar and slought.As per the publication, eschar is usually thick, dry, and leathery that is brown, tan, or black in color. On the other hand, slough appears moist, stringy, and loose and tan, green, brown, and yellow in color.
Necrotic tissue treatment usually involves treatment of the underlying cause of necrosis before the treatment of the dead tissue itself. Then, removal of the necrotic tissue follows. The following are some remedies that can be done at home to help manage necrotic tissue.
One remedy for necrotic wound is chamomile. According to Live Love Fruit, the plant has relaxation properties and is one of the most traditional herbs people use. As per the publication, chamomile also has flavonoids and terpenoids, antioxidants that help the body get rid of unwanted substances like toxins and free radicals. As per some studies, chamomile has demonstrated speed when it comes to wound healing as compare to corticosteroids. To prepare, as per the publication, the person soaks some chamomile tea bags in water and mildly drains some of the liquid. Then, the tea bag is wrapped around the wound with some gauze. As per the publication, the person may use chamomile tinctures or ointment from the local health store.
Another remedy for necrotic wound is vinegar. According to Wound Care Society, it helps combat microorganisms, which are responsible for various kinds of infections. As per the publication, the number of medical clinics that prefer using vinegar over traditional antibacterials is increasing. To perform the remedy, as per the publication, the wound is soaked in a combination of a teaspoon of vinegar and half glass of water for fifteen minutes.
Dressing the necrotic wound before it is removed is another way to manage it. According to Advanced Tissue, choosing the best dressing for a diabetic wound is vital to adequate wound healing. As per the publication, proper wound dressing permits a stable moisture environment for the skin, allowing the wound to drain and the damaged tissue to heal at least. For diabetic wounds, common dressings that are used include films, hydrocolloids, and alginates.
Wound debridement is another option for necrotic tissue management. A health practitioner performs the procedure with aseptic technique; this means the practitioner will wear a mask and sterile gloves while doing the procedure to prevent infection of the wound. As per Ready Nutrition, debridement can be autolytic, which allows the wound to drop off on its own; mechanical, which makes use of a large syringe with clean sterile or boiled and cooled water; and chemical, which uses enzyme-containing substances that target the necrotic tissue.
Necrotic tissue is tissue death caused by impaired blood flow and decreased oxygenation to the tissues and cells. As a result, the affected tissues lose their function, which then adversely affects a person’s daily activities. In this regard, it is essential to seek medical consult from a doctor for proper assessment, diagnosis , planning, intervention, education, and evaluation.