Calluses are area of rough, thickened skin that develop because of constant or repeated pressure or friction. Often found on the hands and feet. Calluses are harmless and usually painless, unless they press on nerve endings or are associated with blisters.

Corns are yellowish, callus-like growths that develop on the tops of the tops of the toes in spots where shoes rub against them. If the rubbing continuous, corns can become red, inflamed, and painful. Corns are not serious and can be treated with self-care.

Causes

– Constant friction due to new or ill-fitting shoes

– Walking barefoot often

– Heavy manual labor

– Gripping heavy/large tools, etc.

What you can do

Soak hand or feet in warm water and Epsom salts for 15 minutes. Dry carefully and apply a moisturizer. Use a clean nail file or pumice stone in a side-to-side motion to smooth the callus or corn. Repeat daily until the callus or corn is gone. Never try to cut or shave off a callus or corn; it can cause infection and scarring.

Healing tips

– Buy special doughnut shaped, non-medicated pads that allow the corn to slot into the hole. This relieves pain and pressure.

– Be careful with medicated corn pads or removers. They can cause skin irritation and infection, especially in people who have diabetes or poor circulation.

– Some pads contain salicylic acid that removes the dead skin. This helps get rid of the corn.

– if nothing helps and the corn looks like it’s there to stay, see a dermatologist or a podiatrist. A foot specialist’s treatment will hasten the healing.

Prevention

– Use comfortable, correctly fitting footwear that is wide at the toes. Avoid high heels and pointed shoes.

– Rest between long periods of manual labor. Wear gloves when handling heavy tools.

– Apply moisturizing cream, or petroleum jelly regularly to soften the skin.

 

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