Have you ever wondered why you have these dark spots on your face? These dark spots occur when there is hyper-pigmentation on the skin which is quite common in women when they reach their middle age. These pigmentations appear when there are certain areas of your skin have more melanin produced in them. You will find these dark spots appearing on your forehead, cheek bones, or even around the face. Although these are quite normal, there are some types of dark spots that may have an underlying skin condition that should be checked by a dermatologist.

What Causes Dark Spots to Appear?

There are several causes for dark spots to appear. Here are a few that you should know of.

Hormonal imbalance

When hormonal imbalance occurs, there is a chance that hyperpigmentation can occur. Pregnancy, menopause, or even taking hormone pills can cause dark spots to appear.

Skin disorders

If you already have some form of skin disorder, there is a high chance that hyperpigmentation can develop. Aging may cause these pigmentations to appear but since the skin is having difficulty repairing itself because there is less new cells being produced, it may take a while before these spots disappear.

Acne scars

Acne breakouts can leave dark spots on your skin too. Unfortunately, these spots don’t really disappear quickly unless you try some remedies to lighten them up.

Hyperpigmentation

Another reason for dark spots to appear on your skin is because of hyperpigmentation. This often occurs when certain areas of your skin gets damaged since more melanin is produced in these affected areas. This is why there are certain parts of your skin that are darker compared to others.

Sun exposure

There is nothing wrong with getting a bit of sunshine as this is a good source of vitamin D. But if you tend to spend most of your time outdoors, under the heat of the sun, dark spots are sure to appear. This is because your skin starts to produce more melanin to help protect your skin against the UV rays that are being emitted by the sun. 

How to Treat Dark Spots 

Dark spots can be a source of embarrassment but the good news is that there are ways that can help prevent, and even treat them so you will be blemish free once more.  Here are a few treatments that will make your dark spots disappear. 

Sunscreen

Before you step outside your home, make sure that you wear sunscreen at least 30 minutes prior to leaving. This way, the sunscreen will have time enough to be absorbed by the skin so that it will be protected from the harsh rays of the sun. Choose sunscreen that has a high SPF to better protect your skin from dark spots.

Castor oil

Another way to treat your dark spots is to use castor oil on the affected areas. Castor oil acts like a bleaching agent to your skin. You should apply castor oil on the dark spots twice a day. Gently rub the oil on the spot in a circular motion to get the desired results fast.

Honey and brown sugar

Making your own scrubs can also help lighten the dark spots that are marring your face. One of the easiest recipes to try is to combine some honey and brown sugar before massaging on your dark spots. Massage in a circular motion to help penetrate the skin. Do this remedy every two weeks and you will see those dark spots disappear.

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